1430 Joan of Arc was captured by Burgundians, who sold her to the English.
1618 The Thirty Years War began when three opponents of the Reformation are thrown through a window.
1785 Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter that he had invented bifocals.
1827 The first nursery school in the U.S. was established in New York City.
1879 The first U.S. veterinary school was established by Iowa State University.
1895 The New York Public Library was created with an agreement that combined the city's existing Astor and Lenox libraries.
1900 Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney became the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, 37 years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.
1922 "Daylight Saving Time" was debated in the first debate ever to be heard on radio in Washington, DC.
1934 In Bienville Parish, Louisiana Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were killed by Texas Rangers. The bank robbers were riding in a stolen Ford Deluxe.
1949 The Republic of West Germany was established.
1985 Thomas Patrick Cavanagh was sentenced to life in prison for trying to sell Stealth bomber secrets to the Soviet Union.
1992 The U.S. and four former Soviet republics signed an agreement in Lisbon, Portugal, to implement the START missile reduction treaty that had been agreed to by the Soviet Union before it was dissolved.
1995 The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was demolished.
1999 Gerry Bloch, at age 81, became the oldest climber to scale El Capitan in Yosemite National Park. He broke his own record that he set in 1986 when he was 68 years old.