1775 An early and unofficial American flag was raised by Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Mott after the seizing of Fort Johnson from the British. The flag was dark blue with the word "Liberty" printed on it in white.
1776 British forces occupied New York City during the American Revolution.
1853 Reverend Antoinette Brown Blackwell was ordained. She became the first female minister in the United States.
1909 A New York judge ruled that Ford Motor Company had infringed on George Seldon's patent for the "Road Engine." The ruling was later overturned.
1928 Alexander Fleming discovered the antibiotic effects of penicillin.
1940 The German Luftwaffe suffered the loss of 185 planes in the Battle of Britain. The change in tide forced Hitler to abandon his plans for invading Britain.
1963 A church bombing kills four young girls in Birmingham, AL. Robert Chambliss was not brought to justice until 1977.
1971 Greenpeace was founded.
1982 The first issue of "USA Today" was published.
1998 It was announced that 5.9 million people read The Starr Report on the Internet. 606,000 people read the White House defense of U.S. President Clinton.
1998 David Andrew Douglas was convicted of strangling his 3-year-old granddaughter Shelby Lynne Barrackman because she licked icing off cupcakes.
1999 The United Nations approved the deployment of a multinational peacekeeping force in East Timor.
1999 A gunman killed 7 people and himself after opening fire at the Wedgewood Baptist Church in Fort Worth, TX.
2003 In Independence, MO, the birthplace of Ginger Rogers was designated a local landmark. The move by the Independence City Council qualified the home for historic preservation.