1537 Jane Seymour, the third wife of England's King Henry VIII, died after giving birth to Prince Edward. Prince Edward became King Edward VI.
1788 Poet, Sarah Joseph Hale, was born. She wrote the poem "Mary Had A Little Lamb."
1901 Daredevil, Anna Edson Taylor, became the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a wooden barrel. She was 43 years old.
1929 Investors dumped more than 13 million shares on the market. The day is known as "Black Thursday."
1931 The George Washington Bridge opened for traffic between New York and New Jersey.
1940 In the U.S., the 40-hour workweek went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
1945 The United Nations was formally established less than a month after the end of World War II.
1948 The term "cold war" was used for the first time. It was used in a speech by Bernard Baruch before the Senate War Investigating Committee.
1962 During the Cuban Missile Crisis, U.S. military forces went on the highest alert in the postwar era in preparation for a possible full-scale war with the Soviet Union. The U.S. blockade of Cuba officially began on this day.
1992 The Toronto Blue Jays became the first non-U.S. team to win the World Series.
1997 In Arlington, VA, former NBC sportscaster, Marv Albert, was spared a jail sentence after a courtroom apology to the woman he'd bitten during a sexual encounter.
2001 The U.S. House of Representatives approved legislation that gave police the power to secretly search homes, tap all of a person's telephone conversation and track people's use of the Internet.
2001 The U.S. stamp "United We Stand" was dedicated.
2001 NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft successfully entered orbit around Mars.