1854 In Jackson, Michigan, the Republican Party started its existence at a convention.
1885 Louis Pasteur successfully tested his anti-rabies vaccine. The child later became the director of the Pasteur Institute.
1928 "The Lights of New York" was previewed in New York's Strand Theatre. It was the first all-talking movie.
1945 Nicaragua became the first nation to formally accept the United Nations Charter.
1945 U.S. President Truman signed an order creating the Medal of Freedom.
1948 Freida Hennok became the first woman to serve as the commissioner of the Federal Communications Commission.
1983 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that retirement plans could not pay women smaller monthly payments solely because of their gender.
1988 Several popular beaches were closed in New York City when medical waste and other debris began washing up on the seashores.
1995 In Los Angeles, the prosecution rested at the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
1997 The Mars Pathfinder released Sojourner, a robot rover on the surface of Mars. The spacecraft landed on the red planet on July 4th.
2000 In Orlando, FL, the body of Cory Erving was found in his vehicle in a pond near his family's home. Julius "Dr. J" Erving had reported his son missing on June 4, 2000.
2000 A jury awarded former NHL player Tony Twist $24 million for the unauthorized use of his name in the comic book Spawn and the HBO cartoon series. Co-defendant HBO settled with Twist out of court for an undisclosed amount.