1774 Oxygen was isolated from air successfully by chemist, Carl Wilhelm, and scientist, Joseph Priestly.
1779 Francis Scott Key was born. He was an American composer, attorney, poet, and social worker. He was the composer of the "Star-Spangled Banner."
1834 Slavery was outlawed in the British Empire with an emancipation bill.
1936 Adolf Hitler presided over the Olympic games as they opened in Berlin.
1943 Several deaths occurred in a race-related riot in Harlem, New York City.
1944 In Warsaw, Poland, the first uprising against Nazi occupation began. The revolt only lasted two months.
1957 The North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) was created by the United States and Canada.
1973 The movie, American Graffiti, opened.
1995 Westinghouse Electric Corporation made a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion.
1998 The U.S. books and music chain, Borders, opens its first European outlet with a 40,000-square-foot store on London's Oxford Street.
1998 Sandra Crouch was ordained as pastor of her church. This was in spite of the ban on woman ministers by the Church of God in Christ.